Service Branch: United States Army
Combat Action: WWII - Europe
Home Town: Gresham
Military Specialty: Infantry Rifleman, Squad Leader, Nuremberg Trials Guard
Units: Co "L," 3rd BN, 375th Inf. Reg., 94th Inf. Div. -- Battle of the Bulge 1st Infantry Division -- Nuremberg Trials
Decorations, Citations, and Awards: - National Defense Service Medal, Combat Infantry Badge, European Campaign Ribbon w/ Battle Star, American Campaign Ribbon w/ Battle Star, Presidential Unit Citation, Army Good Conduct Medal, Bronze Star - Valor
Those who have never farmed or spent time around farming simply do not realize the complexities and challenges that are manifest in life on a farm. At one time or another, a farmer must be a botanist, a zoologist, a chemist, a carpenter, a machinist, a mechanic, a geologist, an economist, a heavy equipment operator, a commodities trader, a purchasing agent, a financial manager, and a weather forecaster – among myriad other skills required to do the job. Beyond skill, farming requires commitment, persistence, and determination to start with dirt – then plow, plant, cultivate, irrigate, breed, feed, nurture, harvest, and deliver the world’s food supply through blizzards, floods, draughts, freezing cold, and blistering heat…AND do it all, again and again, year after year…after year…after year. In short, farming takes work…hard work…no shortcuts. History suggests that the reason that America was victorious in World War II is because so many of her battlefield warriors and factory workers derived their work ethic from growing up on a farm. They knew how to do a job, and they did it…period.
Mark Romohr grew up on a farm. The youngest of four children and with two of his siblings already in military service, War Department regulations prohibited his leaving the family’s farm and its vital food production efforts to serve in a combat role without his parents’ express written permission. So, after high school graduation, Mark stayed
home and worked on his parents’ farm….for a year; but he just couldn’t accept that working on the farm contributed as much to the war effort as what his brother, his sister, and so many of his classmates fighting in Europe or the Pacific were doing. He asked his parents for permission to enlist. Reluctantly, they gave it. Yes, it would mean more work
for the two of them, but that is the way military families make decisions: Mark’s parents made their respective sacrifices so that each of their children could make their respective sacrifices and serve with honor. At least one soldier came home alive because Mark was with him in the battlefield in Europe instead of in the cornfield in Nebraska.
“In connection with military operations against an enemy of the United States, in Germany on 23 February 1945, when his company commander was seriously wounded by deadly enemy fire, (then PFC) Romohr volunteered to assist in the dangerous
task of evacuation. Through his expert guidance, the litter squad made the successful
journey over unexploited and difficult terrain while being subjected to intense artillery
and small arms fire. Private Romohr’s conspicuous heroism, fearless leadership and loyal, courageous devotion to duty exemplify the highest traditions of the military service.”
— Bronze Star Citation
Sergeant Mark A. Romohr
16 May 1945
Following the German surrender, Sergeant Romohr was assigned guard duties at the
War Crimes Trials in Nuremberg, Germany, where he personally guarded Hermann
Goering, Rudolf Hess, Albert Speer, and 18 other Nazi war criminals. Mark and his wife, Jennie, still make their home on their farm near Gresham as they have for the past 62 years.