- Nebraska Football Head Coach, 1919-20
- Nebraska Record: 8-6-3 (.559)
- Nebraska Track & Field Head Coach, 1919-38
- Nebraska Assistant Football Coach, 1922-27
Nebraska hired track and field coach Henry Schulte away from Missouri in 1919. Schulte was known as a master in the teaching of line play. He coached the linemen under Fred Dawson and Ernest Bearg after giving up the head coaching duties in 1920.
During his two seasons as head football coach, Nebraska played as an independent before rejoining the Missouri Valley Conference in 1921
In his 20 years as Nebraska's head track coach from 1919 through 1938, Schulte led his teams to 15 conference titles. Among his star pupils was Ronald Locke, NU's first-ever national champion who won the 100- and 200-yard dash titles in 1926. He also coached Hugh Rhea and Sam Francis to national crowns in the shot put during the 1932 and 1937 seasons, respectively.
Before coming to Nebraska, Schulte was the head football coach at Eastern Michigan from 1906 to 1908, where he compiled a 9-6-1 record. From 1914 to 1917, he was the head football coach and track and field coach at Missouri, guiding the Tigers to a 16-14-2 overall mark.
A 1907 graduate of Michigan, Schulte was a member of the Wolverines' 1904 club that went a perfect 10-0, shared the conference title with Minnesota and won a mythical national championship. In 1905, Michigan added a 12-1 record and Schulte earned all-conference honors as a left guard.
Former Nebraska Head Coach Fielding Yost (1898), who later earned induction into the College Football Hall of Fame, was Schulte's head coach during his time in Ann Arbor.
In 1946, Nebraska completed construction of the North Field House at Memorial Stadium, which was named Schulte Fieldhouse in his honor. Schulte Fieldhouse was replaced with the construction of the Tom and Nancy Osborne Athletic Complex in 2006, which expanded Memorial Stadium's capacity beyond 80,000 for the first time.
Schulte was the head coach of the Huskers when they played at old Nebraska Field, and he served as an assistant to Coach Fred Dawson when Memorial Stadium opened its doors in 1923. The original capacity of Memorial Stadium was 31,000.